Chinese Companies Begin Active OLED Panel Production Line Operation

The Chinese companies are estimated to begin active production of OLED panels, a market for which used to be dominated by Korean companies. Following this, the market for emitting materials for OLED panels also started shifting.

“OLED Emitting Material Annual Report”, published by UBI Research in March 2015, forecast that Chinese companies will begin mass production of AMOLED panel for mobile in second half of 2015, and large area panel from 2017. Together with China’s mass production of panel, emitting material market is estimated to grow into US$ 560 million in 2015, a 16% increase from 2014, and approximately US$ 2,500 million in 2020.

Emitting material companies that rely heavily on Samsung and LG’s panel mass production are anticipating supply chain advancement to China, and considering business expansion in China in order to increase revenue. Idemitsu Kosan is the most proactive and has already started supplying materials to BOE and Tianma. Duksan Neolux began supplying to BOE’s Ordos factory and deliberating on furthering business in China. (Source: Trend Analysis of Key Material Companies, 2015 OLED Emitting Material Annual Report)

With the expansion of panel market, increased competitiveness by Korean emitting material companies is required to acquire supply chain. This is also when Korean panel production companies need to obtain technology in order to retain their market share against Chinese companies.

Emitting Material Market Share by country: UBI Research

Emitting Material Market Share by country: UBI Research

<Emitting Material Market Share by country: UBI Research>

 

OLED TV, becomes the Quantum Dot TV just by placing a dot in the name?

Though they are a part of sales gimmick, extremely deluding names are emerging.

For OLED TV, the technology name “OLED” makes it easier for a consumer to recognize the differences of TVs precisely as it uses the OLED panel which is a spontaneous emission method employed to realize brightness and color. In the beginning of last year, LG Electronics and Samsung Electronics made it clear that it is not LCD TV by literally using the term ‘OLED TV’ for the TVs manufactured using OLED panel. But for LED TV, it should be named as LCD TV adopting LED BLU. The LED TV is the one that controls light only with LED.

The name LED TV was a dangerous concept allowing for that it is safe to deceive general customers to sell products. This concern reoccurs for the LCD TV employing the quantum dot technology. As the LCD TV adopting the quantum dot technology emerges as a new rising star of the TV market, the TV set producers are planning to ship the products under the names of QD TV, QLED TV, or Q Dot TV. While they are naming the LCD product as if it is a new TV made only with the quantum dot while in reality, the quantum dot technology is added to the LED backlight to improve the color reproducibility and power consumption.

The worst name is “QLED TV” which was created just by putting a dot in the OLED TV. It is assumed to be the combination of the terms LED TV and quantum dot. But it is very similar to the name ‘OLED TV’ that commonly recognized as the next generation TV to the extent of confusing as OLED TV.

In the TV market that becomes more and more competitive as time passes, the differentiation strategy is crucial to make a distinction with other companies. However, this immoral and disgraceful trick of playing with consumers with naming must be stopped. Like an automobile company gets a considerable penalty for selling a car with false mileage, the strict sanctions must be imposed upon TV manufacturers using names to deceive customers.

Solution-processed OLED to be commercialized in years

A solution-processable OLED technology is the one of its kinds that can RGB panels by using mother glasses for Gen 6 or later OLED panels. After some improvements are made to the properties of materials and definition, solution-processed OLED products will be manufactures in years to come.

 

So far, the existing solution process technology with a resolution of 200ppi could not be applied to smartphones and tablet PCs requiring a higher definition. With the development of the new technology that can feature a resolution of up to 300ppi, however, the solution process can become applied to tablet PCs with the potential for rapid growth.

 

In addition, it is possible that solution process technology is utilized to manufacture ultra HD 4K and even 8K (7680×4320) TV panels. The 65-inch 8K (7680×4320) panels are expected to feature a resolution of approximately 140 ppi. The manufacturing of panels that can produce an image of 200 ppi or higher will lead to the production of high-definition RGB LED TV panels.

 

Given that the 10.5-inch panels using the recently released AMOLED panels have a resolution of 287 ppi and use a Pentile layout, tablet PC panels with a RGB layout will be manufactured by using the solution process technology.

UDC, OLED market awaiting to bloom

On the 6th, Universal Display Corporation (UDC), the U.S panel company, announced on their website that the 3Q/2014 Performance Summary was released on 30th October.

The sales for the third quarter of 2014 is $32.9 million similar to $32.8 million which was the 3Q sales in the previous year. It is analyzed that the rise by a small margin is because the royalties and license fees were increased from $1.5 million in the third quarter of the last year to $5.4 million. In addition, another result includes the decrease of materials sales by 9% from $30.3 million to $27.5 million. It is considered that it fell due to the poor host materials sales. The business profit is $6.1 million, increased $1.9 million from the same period a year earlier.

The sales by the third quarter of 2014 is $134.9 million, increased by 39% as compared to the corresponding period last year. Though there is little demand for materials as the OLED industry is still in the preliminary stage, the UDC indicated on the report that there are variables to come. For that reason, the sales for this year is expected to be between $183 million and $185 million.

reporter@olednet.co.kr

Korean Display Companies, need urgent restructuring!

As the sales of Korean display companies drop drastically, the business profits are under the serious situations.

In 2012 when Samsung Display was established, the sales was about 33 trillion won and 29.8 trillion won in 2013, reduced by 10%. And it is expected to be about 24 trillion won, decreased about 20% compared to the previous year. LG Display is undergoing the similar situation where the sales was 29.4 trillion won in 2012 and 27 trillion won in 2013, losing the amount of 2.4 trillion won. The prospected sales for 2014 is about 25~26 trillion won.

Samsung Display’s business profits recorded 3.2 trillion won in 2012 and 3 trillion won in 2013, but the profit of 2014 is not anticipated as it is only 140 billion won in the second quarter of the year. Meanwhile, the business profits of LG Display were 0.9 trillion won in 2012 and 1.2 trillion won in 2013, expecting 1.4 trillion won in 2014.

While the sales and business profits of Samsung Display are slumping, the LG Display is improving its business value as the business profit increases slightly despite the sales decrease.

But these companies are facing inevitable sales decrease due to the intense investments and panel cost reductions of Chinese display companies, and increase of the production costs, worsening sales conditions of Korean display companies. Moreover, it is even harder to secure competitiveness as the technology level of Chinese panel companies are getting closer to that of Korean companies.

The problem is the decrease in the business profit. In reality, Samsung Display maintains the 33,000 employees since 2012. Given that the sales has decreased by 30% from 33 trillion won to 24 trillion won, keeping the same number of employees implies chronic structure of restricting the improvement of business profit. In purely arithmetical terms, Samsung Display requires structural adjustment of about 10,000 employees. The situation is unfavorable with LG Display as well. LG Display has about 55,000 employees which is 20,000 more than Samsung Display. LG Display’s business profit for this year might be greater than that of Samsung Display but it is relatively in bad circumstances considering sales per individual.

There still is no element likely to appear in 2015 to enhance the sales and business profits more than 2014. The sales fall is expected as the price is continually decreasing without any additional investment, and there is a high probability of business profit drop. However, there is a chance to increase the sales and business profits if these companies secure a market for the expensive OLED panel.

For display companies, the only way to achieve business profits without restructuring is lowering the supply prices of the parts, materials, and equipment. The OLED material industry which is blossoming now is struck by the mortal blow of 50% decrease of OLED emitting materials and relevant materials compared to 2012. The price decrease range of materials is excessively severe compared to the price decrease of the panel. Some companies are reconsidering the business and the poor performances of those display companies are shaking the forward and backward linkages of the industries higher than the actual numerical value.

To save the entire Korean display industries, Samsung Display and LG Display must secure the sound financial structure through structural adjustments rather than requesting of cost reduction for the supplier unilaterally.

The collapses of Japanese companies resulted from retaining the employments in spite of sales aggravation must be taken as a lesson.

 

reporter@olednet.co.kr

What is the optimal encapsulation technology for the Flexible AMOLED?

Currently mass-producing flexible AMOLED panels are taking PI substrate, backplane, and RGB deposition method, and the existing encapsulation technologies for A2 line of Samsung Display is TFE (thin film encapsulation) and hybrid encapsulation for LG Display.

But for the flexible AMOLED exclusive A3 line which is newly invested by the Samsung Display, advanced the orders not in the TFE but in the hybrid encapsulation method which is laminating the film after resin coating process on the passivation structure of inorganic layer and organic layer, similar to the method that the LG Display takes.

The reason for the change of encapsulation technology at the A3 of Samsung Display was analyzed in the “2014 Flexible OLED Report” issued by the UBI Research including the latest trends and issues such as the flexible AMOLED related issues and processes, market forecast of the flexible AMOLED panel and flexible OLED lighting, flexible AMOLED technologies comparison of Samsung Display and LG Display, etc.

According to this report, the flexible AMOLED panel market is forecasted to show a compound annual growth rate of about 60% through to 2020, reaching $ 17,600 million where the primary applications are expected to be for the flexible AMOLED panel of tablet pc.

140926_Flexible AMOLED용 encapsulation, 최적의 기술은

<Flexible AMOLED panel Market Forecast>

reporter@olednet.co.kr

AMOLED manufacturing equipment market, expected to be about 36 trillion won from 2015 to 2020

According to an equipment report, “2014 AMOLED manufacturing Equipment Technology Analysis and Market Forecast (2015~2020),” published by a market research firm, UBI Research, the AMOLED manufacturing equipment market size will be about 36 trillion won from 2015 to 2020. Stepper appears to be the largest sector in the equipment market by forming about 10 trillion won and taking up about 30 % of market share. Evaporator will take 17% with about 6 trillion.

 

It is forecasted that Chinese makers will start to invest in AMOLED business. Predicted market size is about 6 trillion won in 2015. In 2017, full-scale investment on the AMOLED panel line for TV will be started. About 9.5 trillion won market will be formed and become the largest market size by 2018.

 

From 2015 to 2020, the market share of backplane manufacturing, encapsulation and OLED manufacturing equipment will be 69%, 17% and 14%, respectively, in the overall AMOLED equipment market.

 

In the overall AMOLED equipment market by country, Korean market size is expected to grow to about 20 trillion won taking up 55% market share for six years and it is analyzed that Korea will continuously lead the AMOLED industry.

140812_장비보고서그래프

<2015~2020, AMOLED manufacturing equipment market>

reporter@olednet.co.kr